Fruit tree pruning is trimming and removing certain parts of fruit trees, like diseased branches and suckers. Fruit tree pruning can help control the growth of the tree. Additionally, the removal of the dead woods can help promote the growth of new flowers and fruit buds on the tree.
The following sequence of pruning cuts applies to all types of fruit trees: (See attached diagrams) 1. Remove root suckers arising at the base of the tree.
2. Always cut out dead, broken, diseased or insect-infested limbs. Their removal will make it much easier to determine which other pruning cuts should be made. 3. Remove low, drooping limbs.
Late February to early April is the best time to prune fruit trees in Iowa. Pruning should be completed before the fruit trees begin to break bud (leaf out) in early spring.
Evergreen Trees. Evergreen trees, such as pine, spruce, and fir, require little pruning.
Dead, broken, and diseased branches can be removed at any time of year. Right after planting a new tree, cut it off to a short stick 24 to 30 inches high and cut any side shoots remaining below that to buds. This encourages low branching. Feb 09, The best time to prune a fruit tree is in late winter or early spring while the tree is still dormant and before new growth begins.
The pruning wounds also heal the best at this time and it's also easier to see the buds to work around them.