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PRUNING POINTERS FOR SPECIFIC PLANTS. 1. The PINE Group. Prune preferably in early spring.

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Make cuts just above needle whorls. Additional pruning may be done before new growth hardens in June. Pines normally require little pruning. 2. The SPRUCE and FIR Group. Cuts may be made at any point along the younger portions of the branches. The best time to prune. The best pruning method is to cut individual branches back to an upward growing side branch.

This method of pruning is time consuming, but keeps the plant looking young and natural. [Figure 4] While shearing is quick and easy, it is not recommended, especially after mid-summer. Shearing creates a dense growth of foliage on the plant’s exterior. Sep 02, When to Prune Evergreen Shrubs In general, prune needle-bearing evergreen shrubs in early spring, toward the end of dormancy and before the emergence of new growth.

Pruning the evergreens at this time allows plenty of time for new growth to emerge, as well as plenty of time for these new shoots to harden off before the following winter. Care must be taken when pruning evergreen shrubs since they will not be able to recover if you defoliate in the worst weather conditions our crews. Jun 26, prune evergreen tree close up hands.

While there are many types of pine, the technique for pruning pine trees and shrubs is the same. You can influence shape and ensure denser growth in spring by using your fingers to break off young pine tips at the halfway point. Avoid cutting off tips or branches.

Maintain or Reduce Plant Size. Pruning can prevent a plant from overgrowing its space in the landscape and eliminate the need for you to drastically cut crowded, overgrown plants. Pruning also allows plants to grow under or adjacent to the pruned plant. Pruning reduces leaf area on newly planted trees and shrubs. This promotes survival. Prune to maintain shape - This is best done in early spring so the new growth covers the cut ends.

Selective hand pruning rather than shearing creates a more natural shape. Prune to remove wayward branches in early spring.

Also, thin out some of the new growth.

Cut back to a side branch. Prune to maintain size - Shear the new growth in summer once the tree or shrub has stopped growing. For prostrate. Feb 21, Rejuvenation pruning, also called renewal pruning, involves cutting some types of shrubs almost down to the ground, leaving only 6 to 24 inches.

Done every three to five years, this extreme method of pruning can indeed rejuvenate an overgrown or misshapen shrub, just as the name implies.